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- Question: npm warn prepare removing existing node_modules/ before installation
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npm warn prepare removing existing node_modules/ before installation
When you see the warning “npm warn prepare removing existing node_modules/ before installation”, it means that the npm package you are trying to install has a “prepare” script defined in its package.json file. This script is executed before the package is installed and it can potentially remove the existing node_modules/ directory in order to prepare the environment for the installation.
In general, the “prepare” script is used to compile or build the package before it is installed. If the package you are installing has native bindings or requires compilation, it is possible that the “prepare” script will remove the existing node_modules/ directory and rebuild the package from scratch.
It is important to note that removing the existing node_modules/ directory will also remove any packages that were installed as dependencies of the current package. Therefore, it is a good idea to make sure you have a backup of your project before running the installation command.
To avoid the warning, you can pass the –ignore-scripts flag to the npm install command. This will skip the execution of the “prepare” script and prevent the removal of the existing node_modules/ directory. However, this may cause issues with the installation and operation of the package, so it should be used with caution.
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Remove Node Modules & Bring Back | Removal Command via NPM
Is it OK to delete node_modules?
Yes, it is generally safe to delete the
node_modules directory in your Node.js project. The
node_modules directory contains all the dependencies and packages that your project requires, and it can take up a lot of disk space over time.
However, it is important to note that you should only delete the
node_modules directory if you are certain that you can reinstall all the dependencies for your project. If you delete the directory without reinstalling the dependencies, your project will not be able to run correctly.
To safely delete the
node_modules directory, you can use the following steps:
- Ensure that you have a package.json file in your project directory, which contains a list of all the dependencies for your project.
- Close any running instances of your Node.js application.
- Delete the
node_modulesdirectory from your project directory.
- Open a terminal or command prompt in your project directory and run
yarn installto reinstall all the dependencies for your project.
This will download and install all the required packages and dependencies in the
node_modules directory again.
Does npm ci remove node_modules?
npm ci command can remove the existing
node_modules directory and install the exact dependencies specified in the
npm install, which can update packages to their latest versions,
npm ci will only install the versions of packages listed in the
package-lock.json file, ensuring that the dependencies are installed exactly as specified.
npm ci, it is recommended to delete the
node_modules directory to ensure that you have a clean and consistent state of your dependencies.
How to delete node modules using npm?
To delete the
node_modules folder for a Node.js project using npm, you can follow these steps:
Open a command prompt or terminal window.
Navigate to the root directory of your Node.js project.
Run the following command to delete the
npm rm -rf node_modules
This will remove the
node_modules folder and all its contents recursively, without asking for confirmation.
Note that if you want to reinstall your project’s dependencies later, you can simply run
npm install in the project directory, and npm will automatically download and install all the required packages based on the
package.json file in your project.
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npm ci without deleting node_modules
npm ci command is designed to clean the project directory and install the exact versions of the dependencies specified in the
package-lock.json file. This ensures a deterministic and reproducible build, which is particularly important for production environments.
npm ci does not necessarily delete the
node_modules directory. If the directory is already present and contains all the required dependencies,
npm ci will use them instead of downloading and installing them again.
If you want to use
npm ci without deleting the
node_modules directory, you can simply run the command in the project directory without removing the directory beforehand. Here’s an example:
cd /path/to/project npm ci
node_modules directory is already present and contains all the required dependencies,
npm ci will simply use them. Otherwise, it will download and install the exact versions specified in
It’s worth noting that
npm ci is intended for use in continuous integration and deployment workflows, where you want to ensure that your build environment is consistent and predictable. If you’re developing locally and need to add or update dependencies, you should use
npm install instead.
npm ci legacy-peer-deps
npm ci is a command that installs the dependencies specified in a project’s
package-lock.json file or
npm-shrinkwrap.json file. It is typically used in continuous integration and deployment (CI/CD) pipelines to ensure that the exact same dependencies are installed every time the application is built or deployed.
legacy-peer-deps flag is an optional argument that can be passed to
npm ci. It is used to enable support for older versions of npm that do not enforce strict peer dependencies.
Peer dependencies are dependencies that are not directly used by the project, but are required by one or more of its dependencies. Starting with npm 7, peer dependencies are strictly enforced by default, meaning that if a required peer dependency is not installed or does not meet the required version range, the installation will fail.
However, in some cases, older projects or packages may have been developed with looser peer dependency requirements. In these cases, the
legacy-peer-deps flag can be used to allow npm to install dependencies even if they do not strictly match the required peer dependency versions.
It is important to note that using
legacy-peer-deps can result in non-deterministic builds, since the installed dependencies may vary depending on the exact version of npm being used. Therefore, it should only be used as a last resort, and only if necessary to maintain compatibility with older projects or packages.
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