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Match May Not Be Exhaustive Update

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match may not be exhaustive

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scala exhaustive match

In Scala, a match expression is used to test a value against a number of patterns, and execute the corresponding code block for the first pattern that matches the value. An exhaustive match is a match expression where all possible patterns are covered, i.e., there are no possible values of the input that are not matched by any of the patterns.

To ensure an exhaustive match, Scala provides a mechanism called “sealed classes”. A sealed class is a class that can only be extended within the same file where it is defined. When used in a match expression, a sealed class ensures that all possible cases are covered, because the compiler can verify that all possible subtypes of the sealed class have been accounted for.

Here’s an example of a sealed trait and an exhaustive match:

sealed trait Fruit
case object Apple extends Fruit
case object Banana extends Fruit
case object Orange extends Fruit

def describeFruit(fruit: Fruit): String = fruit match {
case Apple => "This is an apple"
case Banana => "This is a banana"
case Orange => "This is an orange"

In this example, the Fruit trait is sealed, and has three case objects that extend it. The describeFruit function takes a Fruit as input, and matches it against three patterns, one for each case object. Since Fruit is sealed, the compiler can verify that there are no other subtypes of Fruit that are not covered by the patterns. Therefore, this match expression is exhaustive.

scala suppress match may not be exhaustive

In Scala, the “match may not be exhaustive” warning is raised when the compiler detects that there are possible input values for a pattern match that are not covered by any of the specified cases. This warning is raised to prevent runtime errors that can occur when the input matches one of the uncovered cases.

To suppress this warning, you can use the @unchecked annotation. This tells the compiler that you are aware that the match may not be exhaustive and have intentionally left some cases uncovered.

Here’s an example:

val x: Int = 2
val res = (x: @unchecked) match {
case 1 => "one"
case 2 => "two"

In this example, we are matching the value of x against two cases, 1 and 2. We have not provided a case for any other value, which would normally generate the “match may not be exhaustive” warning. However, we have added the @unchecked annotation to suppress the warning.

Note that using @unchecked can be dangerous because it means you are taking responsibility for ensuring that the uncovered cases are not encountered at runtime. If you are unsure whether your code covers all possible cases, it is better to address the warning by adding a default case or by updating your logic to handle all possible input values.

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